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This diagram traces the evolution of the universe from the big bang to the present. Two watershed epochs are shown. Not long after the big bang, light from the first stars burned off a fog of cold hydrogen in a process called reionization. At a later epoch quasars, the black-hole-powered cores of active galaxies, pumped out enough ultraviolet light to reionize the primordial helium.

Active Galaxies/Quasars, Cosmology, Galaxies, Infographics, Intergalactic Gas


Credit: NASA, ESA, and A. Feild (STScI)