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News Release Archive:

News Release 829 of 938

May 25, 1994 12:00 AM (EDT)

News Release Number: STScI-1994-23

Hubble Confirms Existence of Massive Black Hole at Heart of Active Galaxy

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Image: Spiral Gas Disk in Active Galaxy M87

Spiral Gas Disk in Active Galaxy M87STScI-PRC1994-23a

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ABOUT THIS IMAGE:

A NASA Hubble Space Telescope image of a spiral-shaped disk of hot gas in the core of active galaxy M87. HST measurements show the disk is rotating so rapidly it contains a massive black hole at its hub.

A black hole is an object that is so massive yet compact nothing can escape its gravitational pull, not even light. The object at the center of M87 fits that description. It weights as much as three billion suns, but is concentrated into a space no larger than our solar system.

Now that astronomers have seen the signature of the tremendous gravitational field at the center of M87, it is clear that the region contains only a fraction of the number of stars that would be necessary to create such a powerful attraction.

The giant elliptical galaxy M87 is located 50 million light-years away in the constellation Virgo. Earlier observations suggested the black hole was present, but were not decisive. A brilliant jet of high- speed electrons that emits from the nucleus (diagonal line across image) is believed to be produced by the black hole "engine."

The image was taken with HST's Wide Field Planetary Camera 2

Object Names: M87, NGC 4486

Image Type: Astronomical/Annotated

Credit: Holland Ford, Space Telescope Science Institute/Johns Hopkins University; Richard Harms, Applied Research Corp.; Zlatan Tsvetanov, Arthur Davidsen, and Gerard Kriss at Johns Hopkins; Ralph Bohlin and George Hartig at Space Telescope Science Institute; Linda Dressel and Ajay K. Kochhar at Applied Research Corp. in Landover, Md.; and Bruce Margon from the University of Washington in Seattle.; NASA

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