News Release Archive:

News Release 773 of 1051

May 14, 1998 12:00 AM (EDT)

News Release Number: STScI-1998-14

Hubble Provides Multiple Views of How to Feed a Black Hole


Image: Centaurus A: the Inside Story

Centaurus A: the Inside StorySTScI-PRC1998-14b

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Astronomers have used NASA's Hubble Space Telescope to probe the core of the nearest active galaxy to Earth, Centaurus A.

[UPPER LEFT] - A close-up high resolution Wide Field Planetary Camera 2 image of the dramatic dust disk which is thought to be the remnant of a smaller spiral galaxy that merged with the large elliptical galaxy. The shock of the collision compressed interstellar gas, precipitating a flurry of star formation and giving the material a fleecy pattern. Dark filaments of dust mixed with cold hydrogen gas are silhouetted against the incandescent yellow-orange glow from stars behind it.

[LOWER RIGHT] - Hubble's Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer was used to peer past the dust to discover a tilted disk of hot gas at the galaxy's center (white bar running diagonally across image center). This 130 light-year diameter disk encircles a suspected black hole which may be one billion times the mass of our Sun. The disk feeds material to presumably an inner, unresolved accretion disk that is made up of gas entrapped by the black hole. The red blobs near the disk are glowing gas clouds which have been heated up and ionized by the powerful radiation from the active nucleus.

The false-color NICMOS image was taken on Aug. 11, 1997 at a wavelength of 1.87 microns ("Paschen alpha"), characteristic of ionized Hydrogen.

Object Name: Centaurus A

Image Type: Astronomical/Illustration

Credit: E.J. Schreier (STScI) and NASA

Team members are: Ethan J. Schreier, Alessandro Marconi, David J. Axon, Nicola Caon, Duccio Macchetto ( STScI), Alessandro Capetti - (Osservatorio Astronomico di Torino, Italy), James H. Hough, Stuart Young ( University of Hertfordshire, UK), and Chris Packham (Isaac Newton Group, Islas Canarias, SPAIN)


The above montage includes these images:

Nucleus of Galaxy Centaurus A Image Type: Astronomical Nucleus of Galaxy Centaurus A NICMOS Pa-alpha/continuum composite Image Type: Astronomical NICMOS Pa-alpha/continuum composite

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