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News Release Archive:

News Release 512 of 939

April 30, 2002 01:00 PM (EDT)

News Release Number: STScI-2002-11

Hubble's New Camera Delivers Breathtaking Views of the Universe

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Image: The Mice (NGC 4676): Colliding Galaxies With Tails of Stars and Gas

The Mice (NGC 4676): Colliding Galaxies With Tails of Stars and GasSTScI-PRC2002-11d

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ABOUT THIS IMAGE:

The Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS), the newest camera on NASA's Hubble Space Telescope, has captured a spectacular pair of galaxies engaged in a celestial dance of cat and mouse or, in this case, mouse and mouse.

Located 300 million light-years away in the constellation Coma Berenices, the colliding galaxies have been nicknamed "The Mice" because of the long tails of stars and gas emanating from each galaxy. Otherwise known as NGC 4676, the pair will eventually merge into a single giant galaxy.

The image shows the most detail and the most stars that have ever been seen in these galaxies. In the galaxy at left, the bright blue patch is resolved into a vigorous cascade of clusters and associations of young, hot blue stars, whose formation has been triggered by the tidal forces of the gravitational interaction. Streams of material can also be seen flowing between the two galaxies.

The clumps of young stars in the long, straight tidal tail [upper right] are separated by fainter regions of material. These dim regions suggest that the clumps of stars have formed from the gravitational collapse of the gas and dust that once occupied those areas. Some of the clumps have luminous masses comparable to dwarf galaxies that orbit in the halo of our own Milky Way Galaxy.

Computer simulations by astronomers Josh Barnes (University of Hawaii) and John Hibbard (National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, Va.) show that we are seeing two nearly identical spiral galaxies approximately 160 million years after their closest encounter. The long, straight arm is actually curved, but appears straight because we see it edge-on. The simulations also show that the pair will eventually merge, forming a large, nearly spherical galaxy (known as an elliptical galaxy). The stars, gas, and luminous clumps of stars in the tidal tails will either fall back into the merged galaxies or orbit in the halo of the newly formed elliptical galaxy.

The Mice presage what may happen to our own Milky Way several billion years from now when it collides with our nearest large neighbor, the Andromeda Galaxy (M31).

This picture is assembled from three sets of images taken on April 7, 2002, in blue, orange, and near-infrared filters.

Object Names: NGC 4676, The Mice

Image Type: Astronomical

Credit: NASA, H. Ford (JHU), G. Illingworth (UCSC/LO), M.Clampin (STScI), G. Hartig (STScI), the ACS Science Team, and ESA

The ACS Science Team: H. Ford, G. Illingworth, M. Clampin, G. Hartig, T. Allen, K. Anderson, F. Bartko, N. Benitez, J. Blakeslee, R. Bouwens, T. Broadhurst, R. Brown, C. Burrows, D. Campbell, E. Cheng, N. Cross, P. Feldman, M. Franx, D. Golimowski, C. Gronwall, R. Kimble, J. Krist, M. Lesser, D. Magee, A. Martel, W. J. McCann, G. Meurer, G. Miley, M. Postman, P. Rosati, M. Sirianni, W. Sparks, P. Sullivan, H. Tran, Z. Tsvetanov, R. White, and R. Woodruff.

NEWS RELEASE IMAGES

The above image is part of a montage:

Montage Image: ACS ERO Collage Image Type: Astronomical ACS ERO Collage The Tadpole Galaxy: Distorted Victim of Cosmic Collision Image Type: Astronomical The Tadpole Galaxy: Distorted Victim of Cosmic CollisionPRC2002-11a Cone Nebula (NGC 2264): Star-Forming Pillar of Gas and Dust Image Type: Astronomical Cone Nebula (NGC 2264): Star-Forming Pillar of Gas and DustPRC2002-11b The Omega Nebula: Hotbed of Star Formation Image Type: Astronomical The Omega Nebula: Hotbed of Star FormationPRC2002-11c

All images from this news release:

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