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News Release Archive:

News Release 24 of 954

February 26, 2014 11:00 AM (EST)

News Release Number: STScI-2014-13

Hubble Monitors Supernova in Nearby Galaxy M82

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Image: Hubble Monitors Supernova In Nearby Galaxy M82

Hubble Monitors Supernova In Nearby Galaxy M82STScI-PRC2014-13

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ABOUT THIS IMAGE:

This is a Hubble Space Telescope composite image of a supernova explosion designated SN 2014J in the galaxy M82. At a distance of approximately 11.5 million light-years from Earth it is the closest supernova of its type discovered in the past few decades. The explosion is categorized as a Type Ia supernova, which is theorized to be triggered in binary systems consisting of a white dwarf and another star — which could be a second white dwarf, a star like our Sun, or a giant star.

Astronomers using a ground-based telescope discovered the explosion on January 21, 2014. This Hubble photograph was taken on January 31, as the supernova approached its peak brightness. The Hubble data are expected to help astronomers refine distance measurements to Type Ia supernovae. In addition, the observations could yield insights into what kind of stars were involved in the explosion. Hubble's ultraviolet-light sensitivity will allow astronomers to probe the environment around the site of the supernova explosion and in the interstellar medium of the host galaxy.

Because of their consistent peak brightness, Type Ia supernovae are among the best tools to measure distances in the universe. They were fundamental to the 1998 discovery of the mysterious acceleration of the expanding universe. A hypothesized repulsive force, called dark energy, is thought to cause the acceleration.

The January 31 image, shown here as an inset, was taken in visible light with Hubble's Wide Field Camera 3. This image was superimposed into a photo mosaic of the entire galaxy taken in 2006 with Hubble's Advanced Camera for Surveys.

Among the other major NASA space-based observatories used in the M82 viewing campaign are Spitzer Space Telescope, Chandra X-ray Observatory, Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR), Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope, Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Explorer, and the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA).

Object Names: SN 2014J, M82, NGC 3034

Image Type: Astronomical/Annotated

Credit: NASA, ESA, A. Goobar (Stockholm University), and the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA)

NEWS RELEASE IMAGES

The above montage includes these images:

Supernova in M82 Image Type: Astronomical Supernova in M82 M82 Hubble Mosaic with 2014 Supernova Image Type: Astronomical M82 Hubble Mosaic with 2014 Supernova

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