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January 11, 2012 12:30 PM (EST)

News Release Number: STScI-2012-02

NASA's Hubble Breaks New Ground with Distant Supernova Discovery

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Image: Hubble Snags One of the Farthest Exploding Stars

Hubble Snags One of the Farthest Exploding StarsSTScI-PRC2012-02

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ABOUT THIS IMAGE:

These three images taken by NASA's Hubble Space Telescope reveal the emergence of an exploding star, called a supernova.

Nicknamed SN Primo, the exploding star belongs to a special class called Type Ia supernovae, which are distance markers used for studying dark energy and the expansion rate of the universe. Type Ia supernovae most likely arise when white dwarf stars — the burned-out cores of normal stars — siphon too much material from their companion stars and explode.

The top image shows part of the Hubble Ultra Deep Field, the region where astronomers were looking for a supernova blast. The white box pinpoints the area where the supernova is later seen. The image combines observations taken in visible and near-infrared light with the Advanced Camera for Surveys and the Wide Field Camera 3.

The image at bottom left, taken by the Wide Field Camera 3, is a close-up of the field without the supernova.

A new bright object, identified as the supernova, appears in the Wide Field Camera 3 image at bottom right.

The exploding star was discovered as part of a search for distant Type Ia supernovae called the CANDELS+CLASH Supernova Project.

The supernova team's search technique involved taking multiple near-infrared images over several months, looking for a supernova's faint glow. Once the team spotted the stellar blast in October 2010, they used WFC3's spectrometer to verify SN Primo's distance and to decode its light, finding the unique signature of a Type Ia supernova. The team then re- imaged SN Primo periodically for several months, measuring the slow dimming of its light.

Object Name: HUDF

Image Type: Astronomical/Annotated

Credit: NASA, ESA, A. Riess (Space Telescope Science Institute and The Johns Hopkins University), and S. Rodney (The Johns Hopkins University)

NEWS RELEASE IMAGES

The above montage includes these images:

HST HUDF ACS/WFC3 Image Image Type: Astronomical HST HUDF ACS/WFC3 Image HST WFC3 F160W Image without SN Image Type: Astronomical HST WFC3 F160W Image without SN HST WFC3 F160W Image with SN Image Type: Astronomical HST WFC3 F160W Image with SN

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