The Great Photon Escape

About this video
Duration: 8 minutes, 42 seconds

In a flash known as the Big Bang, our universe was born. Yet for hundreds of thousands of years, light from the Big Bang was scattered and trapped in a dense fog. Eventually, though, that light made its “great escape” and the universe was plunged into total darkness. These cosmic “Dark Ages” lasted for millions of years until the first stars and galaxies burst to life and began to illuminate the universe. However, no one knows just when this happened or what the earliest stars and galaxies were really like, because we’ve never seen them.

NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope, currently under construction and due to launch in 2018, will use its powerful infrared vision to spy the very first stars and galaxies forming out of the darkness of the early universe and help us understand how today’s universe came to be.


Tags
Cosmology, Galaxy Formation, James Webb Telescope, Missions, Telescopes, Universe Age/Size

Credits

Produced by the Space Telescope Science Institute’s Office of Public Outreach
Narration: Alia Shawkat
Writers: Joel Green and Vanessa Thomas
Designer: Marc Lussier
Special thanks to Greg Bacon, George Becker, Mia Bovill, Bonnie Eisenhamer, John Godfrey, Adam Green, Mikey, Hussein Jerdeh, Jason Kalirai, Courtney Kivowitz, Brandon Lawton, Katelin Mora, Bonnie Meinke, Denise Smith, Stephanie Smith, Massimo Stiavelli, Frank Summers, and Tracy Vogel

Publication: March 10, 2016

Video Transcript